In the French region of Normandy, the village of Les Andelys is home to the medieval castle known as Château Gaillard. In order to defend the Duchy of Normandy against Philip II, the King of France, Richard the Lionheart, King of England and Duke of Normandy, erected it in the late 12th century.
The castle's advantageous placement on a rock overlooking the Seine River served as a natural defense against any French assaults. Its construction was completed in a remarkable fast time of just two years, from 1196 to 1198, because to the ingenious design and engineering of its architect, Jean de Gisors.
A triple line of walls, a moat, and a drawbridge were all included in the defense strategy of Chateau Gaillard. Additionally, it had a 40-meter-high central keep that offered a commanding view of the surrounding countryside.
Although having strong defenses, Chateau Gaillard was ultimately taken by the French in 1204 after a protracted siege. Over the years, it was expanded upon and renovated as a residence for French royalty.
Nowadays, Chateau Gaillard is a well-liked tourist destination that draws people from all over the world to marvel at its stunning architecture and illustrious past. Visitors can tour the comprehensive restoration of the castle's many chambers, including the great hall, chapel, and keep. The battlements of the castle offer stunning views of the Seine River and the surrounding countryside.
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